Start date: March 23, 2024

Integration of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in Clinical Practice: Clinical pearls from the experts

The American Academy of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound is proud to present its 4th Virtual Symposium in MSK Ultrasound and Neuro-MSK. This online event brings together 5 of the top authorities in the field who will present and highlight the best clinical practice and clinical pearls in the area of point-of-care ultrasonography. Integration of point-of-care ultrasonography as an extension of physical therapy evaluation.

Approved for 5 PT CEUs

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March 23, 2024


5 hours

speakers / topics


event format


contact hours


Who can join AAMU Virtual Symposium

Ideal for

The annual AAMU Virtual Symposium is open to All Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography Enthusiasts.

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Event Program and Speakers

Agenda Timeline

10:00 am to 11:00 am EST
Shoulder Ultrasound: Pearls and Pitfalls
Dr. Jon Jacobson, MD

Jacobson Portrait

Dr. Jon Jacobson, MD

Dr. Jon A. Jacobson is a Professor of Radiology and Director of the Division of Musculoskeletal Radiology in the Department of Radiology at the University of Michigan. Dr. Jacobson is a board-certified musculoskeletal radiologist whose research interests include musculoskeletal ultrasound and MRI. His academic achievements include over 250 peer-reviewed publications and many invited national and international lectures or workshops. Dr. Jacobson has been a visiting professor on 43 occasions, is active in various medical societies, reviews for several journals, and has received numerous teaching and mentoring awards. Dr. Jacobson is the author of the textbook “Fundamentals of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound,” which is now in its third edition. Dr. Jacobson’s curriculum vitae and information about his musculoskeletal ultrasound global outreach efforts in Uganda can be found at


  1. List the 4 secondary signs of a rotator cuff tear.
  2. Recognize a rotator cuff retear.
  3. List the differential diagnosis for fluid near the coracoid process.


  1. Nazarian LN, Jacobson JA, Benson CB, et al. Imaging algorithms for evaluating suspected rotator cuff disease: Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound consensus conference statement. Radiology. 2013;267(2):589-595. doi:10.1148/radiol.13121947.
  2. Jacobson JA. Shoulder US: anatomy, technique, and scanning pitfalls. Radiology. 2011;260(1):6-16. doi:10.1148/radiol.11101082.

11:00 am to 12:00 pm EST
Ultrasound imaging of the hip and knee
Dr. Gina Ciavarra, MD

Gina C

Dr. Gina Ciavarra, MD

Dr. Gina Ciavarra is a Clinical Associate Professor of Radiology at NYU Langone Health, specializing in musculoskeletal radiology. She holds a medical degree from the Mount Sinai School of Medicine (2000) and a Master of Management in Clinical Informatics (2021). She completed her radiology residency at New York Presbyterian-Cornell and a fellowship in musculoskeletal radiology at the Hospital for Special Surgery. She is board certified in radiology through the American Board of Radiology as well as in clinical informatics through the American Board of Preventive Medicine. Over the last 15 years, Dr. Ciavarra has performed numerous musculoskeletal ultrasound studies and ultrasound guided procedures. She has published articles and book chapters on the subject and lectured on the topic at various radiology and orthopedic conferences.


  1. To review normal US anatomy of the hip & knee.
  2. To review common pathologies in hip & knee.


  1. Jacobson, JA Fundamentals of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound, 3rd edition, 2017.
  2. European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology: Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Technical Guidelines: V. Knee.
  3. European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology: Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Technical Guidelines: IV. Hip.

Lunch Break (12:00 pm to 12:30 pm EST)

12:30 pm to 1:30 pm EST
Updates in MSKUS: differentiating inflammatory pathologies
Dr. Minna Kohler, MD, RhMSUS

Kohler Headshot 2020

Dr. Minna Kohler, MD, RhMSUS

Dr. Minna Kohler, is the founder and Director of the Rheumatology Musculoskeletal Ultrasound (MSKUS) Program at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), Harvard Medical School in the Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, Immunology. Prior training includes a clinical/research rheumatology fellowship at Yale University School of Medicine, a NIH-sponsored fellowship in Image-Guided Therapy in the Department of Radiology at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and internal medicine residency at Lahey Clinic Medical Center. Dr. Kohler serves as key faculty for the MGH rheumatology fellowship and Spaulding PM&R residency programs (rotation director for rheumatology and ultrasound), and adjunct faculty to the MGH CURE (Center for Ultrasound Research Education) in the Department of Emergency Medicine, where she actively teaches MSKUS and ultrasound-guided procedures to physicians at all levels and Harvard medical students. She is the lead co-director for the annual Harvard MSKUS CME course and has been an invited speaker and instructor for numerous ultrasound courses nationally and internationally. Dr. Kohler has been a pioneer in promoting ultrasound training through the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) (MSKUS Education and RhMSUS certification exam subcommittees) and is a USSONAR (Ultrasound School of North American Rheumatologists) board member and faculty mentor. Dr. Kohler has educational/research interests in point-of-care ultrasound related to arthritis, tendinitis, bursitis, vasculitis, and other rheumatic diseases. Clinical interests include: crystal arthritis (gout, pseudogout), osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis/ seronegative spondyloarthropathies, immunotherapy related or cancer-related inflammatory arthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Her book: Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in Rheumatology Review is rated among one of the top rheumatology books per Book Authority.


  1. Identify sonopathology features of various inflammatory arthritides.
  2. Discuss sonographic findings to evaluate crystalline arthritis such as gout.
  3. Explain the use of power Doppler signal and scoring systems in evaluating inflammatory arthritides.


  1. Kohler MJ (editor). Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in Rheumatology Review, 2nd edition, Springer 2021.
  2. Kaeley G, Bakewell C, Deodhar A. The importance of ultrasound in identifying and differentiating patients with early inflammatory arthritis: a narrative review.
  3. Terslev L, et al. Scoring ultrasound synovitis in rheumatoid arthritis: a EULAR-OMERACT ultrasound task-force Part 2: reliability and application to multiple joints of a standardized consensus based scoring system.

1:30 pm to 2:30 pm EST
Sonoanatomy of the Posterior Neck
Dr. Phillip M. Steele, MD

Phillip Steele

Dr. Phillip M. Steele, MD

Dr. Phillip M. Steele is Board Certified in Family Practice and completed an extra year of fellowship training to compete and become certified in sports medicine. In addition, he credentialed in RMSK (Registered Musculoskeletal Ultrasound) and is one of the top musculoskeletal ultrasound experts in the country. He has spoken at numerous medical conferences and is considered as one of the leading national and international experts on the evaluation and treatment of the brachial and cervical plexus using high-resolution ultrasound. He has chosen to specialize in non-operative sports medicine and IROM (interventional regenerative orthopedic medicine) to provide many regenerative techniques to help heal you.

Since his Sports Medicine fellowship, Dr. Steele has worked with the U.S, Ski team, traveling overseas for event coverage for the Nordic Combined and Cross Country Ski Teams. He was an athlete physician at Soldier Hollow Nordic venue during the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City and has worked as a Team Physician for University of Wyoming athletics.

During his eight years in Wyoming, Dr. Steele was integral in developing coaches’ sports medicine education programs for high school athletes and developed a special passion for the education and management of concussion in sports. Since moving to Montana, Dr. Steele has served on the High School Sports Medicine Advisory Committee and is actively promoting athletic safety for kids in Montana. Dr. Steele has also served on the Governor’s “Montana Youth Concussion Advisory Panel” task force.


Dr. Steele also specializes in diagnostic ultrasound for musculoskeletal injuries and nerve entrapment syndrome. By using ultrasound, he can look functionally at many joints, tendons, and nerves, allowing him to make a more accurate diagnosis. For diagnosis and treatment, Dr. Steele uses the combination of his years of experience in sports medicine, ultrasound diagnostics, and the newer therapy options of “regenerative medicine” to help heal chronic injuries. This comprehensive approach provides a functional perspective that not only looks to accurately diagnose injuries, but to also look for factors that may have contributed to the injury so we can provide the most effective treatment.

Dr. Steele also works as a faculty instructor for ultrasound procedural and diagnostic courses throughout the United States. He is an exam writer for the national board exam for Registered Musculoskeletal Ultrasound and is a frequent lecturer on the use of musculoskeletal ultrasound for diagnosing and treatment of nerve entrapment syndromes.

With more than 10 years of experience using regenerative medicine treatments including platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and adipose-derived stem cells, Dr. Steele is Montana’s most experienced practitioner regarding the use of biologics in healing musculoskeletal injuries. With his passion for treatment for sports injury, ultrasound diagnostics and expertise in nerve entrapment syndromes, Dr. Steele brings a unique perspective on healing injuries for all ages.

When Dr. Steele is not working, you will most likely find him mountain running with his wife and two golden retrievers in the hiking trails near his home, or coaching his Master’s cross country skiing group on the trails of MacDonald Pass.

  • Fellowship: MacNeal Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship, MacNeal Hospital, Berwyn, Illinois, 2000
  • Residency: Family Practice, University of Utah, Chief Resident, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1999
  • Medical School: University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1996


  1. Understanding the 4 layered fascial system of the posterior neck.
  2. Biotensegrity model of muscle cooperation of the posterior neck.


  1. Clinical Anatomy of Ligamentum Nuchae. S Mercer, N Bogduk.
  2. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Atalas of the Cervical Spine Musculature. J. Au, et al.

2:30 pm to 3:30 pm EST
Ultrasound of the Posterolateral Corner of the Knee
Dr. Mohini Rawat, DPT


Dr. Mohini Rawat, DPT

Dr. Mohini Rawat is co-founder and president of American Academy of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound. She is Fellowship director of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound program at Hands-On Diagnostics. She is board certified in Clinical Electrophysiology and Orthopaedics by American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties and in Musculoskeletal Sonography by Alliance for Physician Certification and Advancement.

She received her Doctorate in Physical Therapy from MGH institute of Health Professions in Boston and her Masters in Biokinesiology from the University of Southern California. She is faculty for courses in Musculoskeletal Ultrasound and clinical electrophysiology in PT program and other continuing education courses. She has mentored hundreds of clinicians and has reviewed thousands of ultrasound studies.

Dr. Rawat is a contributing author and wrote chapters on imaging in books. She has published articles and presented numerous musculoskeletal ultrasound courses, webinars and lectures in multiple professional conferences and organizations. She is the chair of the Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology and Wound Management Neuromusculoskeletal Ultrasound Special Interest Group and holds other elected positions in American Physical Therapy Association.

She is Editor-in-chief of Journal of Clinical Electrophysiology and Wound Management.

She is editor of a textbook in musculoskeletal ultrasound called Atlas of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound of the Extremities and co-authored a test prep guide for clinicians who want to improve their knowledge and pass the certification exam for musculoskeletal ultrasound.


  1. To describe sonoanatomy of the posterolateral corner of the knee.
  2. To present case examples of common pathology encountered in posterolateral corner of the knee.


  1. Rawat M. Atlas of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound of the Extremities. SLACK Incorporated;2020. ISBN 10 1630916021.
  2. Humberto G. Rosas M. Unraveling the Posterolateral Corner of the Knee. Radiographics. 2016;36(6):1776-1791.
Post event content

What you will receive


Video recording of the complete event will be made available for a period of 3 months post symposium date.


Post-course evaluation form will be sent to participants after the completion of the symposium and is required to claim your certificate.

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